Bolts are tools used to fasten and secure the ends of materials together by threading them into a compatible nut. There are many different types of bolts available in the market, each designed for specific uses. Some of these include flange bolts, hex head bolts, and U-bolts. These bolts are manufactured from a variety of metals, each with its own unique properties and applications.
The hex head bolt is one of the most popular types of bolts. It is typically made from steel or aluminum and can be coated to reduce corrosion. A hex head bolt also has a square or hexagonal cross section, which makes it easy to grip and drive. The hex head bolt is designed to be tightened using a wrench or socket wrench, but it can be driven into place with hand tools as well.
When choosing a bolt, it is important to consider the material, size, and grade. These factors will determine how well the bolt holds its intended loads. For example, the tensile strength of a bolt determines how much stress or tension it can handle before it breaks. This information is usually displayed on the bolt with a class number or grade markings. The higher the grade, the stronger the bolt.
Another important factor is the thread pitch, which determines how fine or coarse the bolt’s thread is. This is measured in a number of threads per inch (TPI) for standard bolts and in millimeters for metric bolts. It is important to use the correct size bolt for an application, as using the wrong one can cause damage and create a safety hazard.
Other specifications to keep in mind for bolts include the length, grip and thread lengths, and head type. The grip length is the length of the unthreaded portion of the bolt, while the thread length is the distance between the first complete thread and the end of the shank. The head type is the shape of the bolt’s head, which can be round, square, hex, or domed. A hex bolt is easier to grip and turn than a square or domed bolt, which can be more difficult to tighten or loosen.
Other common bolts include the U-bolt, which is “U” shaped and used to support piping. These bolts can be either gripped or non-gripped, and they come in a variety of sizes to fit pipe diameters. They are often manufactured from a variety of metals, with steel and stainless steel being the most common. They are used in many industrial, commercial, and marine applications. US bolts